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(by Dennis B. Horne)
I bear my testimony to you, . . .
that from the center of my heart to the ends of my fingers and toes
I know that Jesus is the Christ.
“I humbly bear my testimony to you that I do know that God is my Father, that Jesus of Nazareth is my Redeemer and my friend. I thank him for the blessed privilege of engaging in the ministry, and I praise his holy name that through his servants he has shown his willingness to use the weakest of us to do some little good in that ministry.” So stated Elder Hugh B. Brown to the assembled members at general conference.
Hugh Brown was born in 1883, growing up in Granger (now West Valley City), Utah, and later near Cardston, Alberta, Canada. As a teenager he worked the family orchard, farm, and cattle. He was obliged to leave school at sixteen to keep up the farm, so his early education was limited.
In 1900 he met Zina Card, the girl he would marry five years later, after completing his mission. Hugh was able to go to school at the Brigham Young College (this later became Utah State University) in Logan, Utah, for a short time, but was soon called on a mission.
A Terrifying but Sublime Missionary Experience
As a brand-new missionary, serving in England (Norwich), Elder Brown began tracting (door contacting and passing out pamphlets). He received only rejection during his first few days. Then a man came to his apartment with news that his and seventeen other families had left the Church of England. Feeling that Elder Brown’s presence and pamphlet was the answer to their prayers, he asked him to become their “Pastor.” Elder Brown said he would meet with them the next evening.
Having been a missionary for only three days, he was terrified and could only think to fast and pray. “I knelt at my bedside, and for the first time in my life I really talked with God. I had been taught to pray, and I had always said my prayers, but as I knelt by my bed that night, I really talked with the Lord. I told him of my situation; I told him that these people were leaving the Church of England to search for the truth, that they were calling for it, and that I wasn’t prepared to give it to them. I asked him to please take the responsibility off my hands. He didn’t seem to answer.”
This humble struggle in prayer went on all night and all the next day, until Elder Brown forced his feet to take him to the home where the families were met. He first sang, and then he prayed with them. “They knelt, and I prayed. And for the second time in my life, I talked with God. I talked with him as one man talks with another on serious matters. I told him again of the situation. I told him that these people had assembled to hear the truth, and I remember saying, ‘Oh God, wilt thou teach them the truth tonight; if I can be an instrument, all is well. But, oh God, take over.’ As soon as I started to pray, all fear and concern left me, and I did not again worry about what was going to happen.”
Then Elder Brown gave a talk. “I spoke for 45 minutes. God spoke through me such a sermon as I had never heard, and those people had never heard anything like it. When the meeting closed, they flocked around me and held my hands and kissed them. I told you that I had to drag myself down to that place to attend that meeting. I can tell you now that I think I only touched the ground once on my way home. I was so elated that God had heard my prayer. Within three months every man, woman, and child in that room became members of the Church.”
From Marriage to Seventy
Returning from his mission, Hugh was able to break up Zina’s engagement to another fellow and marry her himself. President Joseph F. Smith performed the ceremony in the Salt Lake Temple in 1908. Over the following decades, Hugh would live in Canada, study law, and serve a mission in the military. In 1927 he moved back to Salt Lake City, where in 1930 he was called as stake president. He became afflicted with “tic douloureux” a painful condition that affected the nerves in his head. He campaigned for United States Senator from Utah in 1932 but lost. He served a turbulent term on the Utah State Liquor Commission, trying to limit alcohol distribution and consumption in Utah. In 1937 he was called as the president of the British Mission, when World War II interrupted his service. After some years he returned (in 1945) as both mission president and as the Latter-day Saint Serviceman’s Coordinator in Europe. President Brown’s son was killed during the war.
From 1946 to 1950 Hugh taught religion at Brigham Young University. Following that, he returned to Canada seeking an improved living, but troubled and uncertain as to what the future held.
Call as an Assistant to the Quorum of the Twelve
Hugh Brown was working in Canada, this time for an oil company, when he received a call to full-time church service as a general authority.
In October 1953, I was up in the Canadian Rockies, supervising the drilling of an oil well. Although my family were in good health and good spirits and I was making good money, I was deeply depressed and worried. Early one morning I went up into the mountains and talked with the Lord in prayer. I told Him that although it looked like I was going to become wealthy as a result of my oil ventures, if in His wisdom it would not be good for me or my family I hoped He would put an end to it.
That night I drove from the camp up at Rocky Mountain House down to Edmonton still spiritually disturbed and depressed. Without having dinner that night, I went into the bedroom by myself, told my wife that she should stay in the other room as I felt I would have a restless night and did not wish to disturb her. All night I wrestled with the evil spirit. I was possessed with the spirit of wishing that I could be rubbed out of existence. I had no thought of suicide, but wished the Lord would provide a way for me to cease to be. The room was full of darkness and an evil spirit prevailed, so real that I was almost consumed by it. About three o’clock in the morning my wife [Zina] came in, having heard me moving about the room and asked what was the matter. Upon closing the door, she said, “Oh Hugh, what is in this room?” and I replied, “It is Satan.” We spent the balance of the night together, much of it on our knees. The next morning upon going to the office (there was no one there, it being Saturday), I knelt in prayer again and asked for deliverance from this evil spirit. I felt a peaceful spirit come over me and phoned my wife to that effect.
That night, while I was taking a bath about ten o’clock, the telephone rang and she called me and said, “Salt Lake City is calling.” Upon going to the phone, I heard a voice which said, “This is David O. McKay calling. The Lord wants you to spend the balance of your life in the service of the Church. The Council of the Twelve have just voted that you should take the place made vacant by the recent death of Stayner Richards, and you are to become an assistant to the Twelve.”
Although mother and I had spent a wakeful night the night before, and a terrible night it was, that night we stayed awake as well, rejoicing in the thought that the Lord would reach out so far to touch us in time of need.
When Hugh was finally able to get to church headquarters, he told President McKay of his experience with the devil the night before his call as a general authority: “I told the president when I came down thirty days later about this experience, and he said, ‘As far as I know, every man who is called into the General Authorities has to wrestle with the devil.’”
Call to the Quorum of the Twelve
Sunday, April 6, 1958, proved to be a memorable though overwhelming day for Elder Brown. He began it as an Assistant to the Quorum of the Twelve but ended it as a member of the Quorum itself. In the morning session of general conference, he bore his witness during his address: “I bear my testimony to you, my friends, and brothers and sisters, that from the center of my heart to the ends of my fingers and toes I know that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the Living God. I know that he came forth from the tomb with his body, which he displayed to his disciples, and invited them to feel of the wounds. I know that he has spoken again. I know that the gospel has been restored to the earth.”
Then, between conference sessions, the prophet of the Lord sought an interview with him. His biographers narrated the story:
President McKay asked to see him in the Tabernacle office of the General Authorities immediately after the Sunday morning session of the April 1958 general conference. There the Church leader said: “The Lord wants you to be a member of the Council of the Twelve. How do you feel about it?” President Brown remembers saying, “Well, if I was ever justified in criticizing what the Lord wants, I am in that position now because I feel that I am unprepared.” President McKay answered: “We don’t agree with you. We have submitted it to the Twelve and they have approved, and now we want you to tell us whether you will accept.” The reply was predictable. “Of course I will accept any call that comes from the Lord, and I will do the best that I can. . . .”
After assuring President McKay that he would accept the call, he was asked to speak again, and give something of an acceptance:
My dear brethren and sisters, I respond to this call in deep humility, with a keen sense of my own inadequacy, but with confidence in my Brethren who have thought me worthy of it. I shall spend the balance of my life trying to make their judgment good. . . .
I thank President McKay for his confidence. I love him with all my heart. It has been my privilege to do some little work with and for him to help to take a little of the burden from his heart. I thank God for that association. I love and honor his Counselors and the members of the Quorum of the Twelve, each one of whom I know, in each one of whom I have absolute confidence. I restate my faith. I rededicate my life. I thank you for your confidence. I pray for forgiveness of my weaknesses and sins, and ask for your charity and tolerance and for God's blessings.
In his diary, he wrote: “This calling was very humbling indeed, but in fulfillment of a life-long ambition of my beloved mother, who predicted it when I was but a boy. I was ordained an apostle in the Salt Lake Temple in the meeting of the Council of the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve, by President David O. McKay, on April 10, 1958.” In his address as the newest apostle, at the following October conference, he said: “I wish to bear my testimony with those that have already been borne that the Church today, the kingdom of God, is being led by revelation. God is not the author of confusion. He does not work in dark places. He makes it known to the world when he appoints a prophet, and I testify that I know as I know I live, that this Church today is guided by prophecy and by revelation, and that these men whom we honor are prophets of God.
At the time of his ordination, he was counseled to act his part: “One of the things that President McKay says to all the men who are called to the Council of the Twelve is this: ‘You are to become a witness of Jesus the Christ, a special witness. Wherever you go you are to bear that witness and bless the people.’ My young friends, with all the solemnity of my soul, speaking from the very center of my heart, I say to you, knowing that I am on the very brink of eternity, that Jesus of Nazareth is the Son of God, the Redeemer of the world. . . . He is the Son of the living God.” And: “We believe this is the message for which the world has been waiting. We declare it is the very truth of God, and for my own self I bear witness to that effect and say to you in humility, but without any equivocation, by the same power and authority with which Peter spoke, I say, with him, ‘Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.’ (Matt. 16:16.) I know this to be true, and I plead with men everywhere to hearken; for it is a message from the heavens,”
Serving in the First Presidency
In 1961 President McKay called Elder Brown to serve in the First Presidency, in what began something a little unusual in Church leadership. At a meeting of the First Presidency and the Twelve, “President McKay also submitted the name of Hugh B. Brown as a counselor in the Presidency to help the Presidency now that President Clark is almost incapacitated. President Clark remains as first counselor and President Moyle as second counselor and Hugh B. Brown as a counselor in the Presidency.”
This arrangement lasted until President J. Reuben Clark Jr. died in 1961, when he became the second counselor, serving with President Henry D. Moyle. When President Moyle died two years later in 1963, President Brown became the first counselor and N. Elden Tanner the second. With the years passing and President McKay becoming increasingly old and ill, President Brown carried great responsibility for the Church. In the years before his death, President McKay also called Joseph Fielding Smith, Thorpe B. Isaacson, and Alvin R. Dyer as additional counselors to the First Presidency. (These men returned to their former positions when President McKay died.)
While serving as second counselor in the First Presidency, President Brown was assigned to tour the missions established in South America. One of these was in Brazil, where William Grant Bangerter was serving as the mission president. He later became a general authority. He recorded his observations and experiences with President Brown in 1963:
I can remember the impressiveness of his instruction, especially to the missionaries. In Sao Paulo during the conference with the members his speech was interpreted by Remo Roselli, a Brazilian who had formerly filled a mission in Brazil and who was not a particularly active member of the Church. However, he had an unusually fine ability to translate or to interpret. President Brown there told his special parable of the currant bush. Brother Roselli was able to interpret for him in such a way that the interpretation seemed to enhance the presentation and the testimony that was attached to it. It was a very spiritual occasion. President Brown’s method of speaking lent itself to an easy interpretation, and the spirit and the understanding of his message came through in a very powerful way, impressive to everyone. The spiritual level at that meeting was something almost unequaled in our experience. The same was true in the meeting he held with the missionaries, where he projected a spiritual influence to them that was unequaled in my experience with other General Authorities. We felt very much the closeness of the Holy Ghost in the meeting. He was able to uplift and inspire the missionaries. He made a comment that I understand he may have made on other occasions. He said near the close of his remarks that there were those in the group who would someday be in bishoprics and stake presidencies, and he said, “There will also be some of this group who will be among the General Authorities of the Church.” I don’t know whether it was out of a brief moment of ambitious thinking or whether it was a true touch of the Holy Spirit that said to me, “You might be included in that group.”
That same year, at the October general conference, Elder Brown testified: “From the very center of my heart I bear witness to the divinity of the gospel of Jesus Christ. [He has been so good to me as to give me a special knowledge of His existence.] I do not claim to have had visions or [spectacular] revelations, but I do claim that he has stamped upon my soul a knowledge of the divinity of this work which did not come through my natural senses but through the Holy Ghost.”
Some four years later, in another supernal conference address, President Brown employed what seems to be specially and carefully selected wording to convey his special witness—words that may or may not mean more than one might think—for “the Spirit beareth witness.” They may refer to a special interview with the Christ (something entirely possible with apostles), where Brother Brown was allowed to “touch” His resurrected body. Or they may not; perhaps referring instead to some other mighty manifestation from the Holy Spirit:
When those eleven downhearted men suddenly become aware that Jesus was in their midst—the Jesus who only hours before had been scourged and stabbed on the hill—they, as Luke said, “believed not for joy.” (See Luke 24:41.) It was too good to be true, and then came his marvelous challenge and demonstration as he said: “. . . handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.
“And when he had thus spoken, he showed them his hands and his feet.” (Luke 24:39-40.) They saw; they touched, and were touched by his glorious resurrected body. That was the great revelation—Christ was real and touchable.
What I say here now reflects not only Bible study and prayerful meditation, but also actual experience that defies a thousand and one traditions and assumptions. I would not be standing here if it had not come to life within me when I was on the edge of my own abyss.
The hands, feet, and side of Christ had bled in the awful turning of his solitary winepress [in Gethsemane] before they were pierced at Golgotha. His whole body bled in the midst of his vicarious pain. This was an actual experience; it was not a myth.
When the eleven apostles were celebrating an extended Easter at Jerusalem, they were overwhelmed by the implications of his final instructions and seemed moved by an endowment of the Spirit, for they witnessed not only his own unforeseen immortality but also their own immortality. It was the reality of reunion of their lives with his life; it was knowing him again, in their midst, being with them. It was his ministering, dining, sharing with them. It was being close—closer than ever before. They became aware of his great power—indeed, all power both in heaven and in earth had been given unto him.
We bear witness to these New Testament insights, the newest of which is his present touch. To be in touch with Christ means today what it meant to John and Peter and Paul: to see, to receive, and to prize the actual ministrations.
We witness that his voice, his person, has been manifested today in our time and culture. And more: that he will now, as then, manifest himself to those who will come as John came not counting the cost. He can be and is touched by the power of his divine Sonship.
We bear witness that Christ was the revelation of God, the Father, and I dare proclaim what some creeds have forbidden us to say: that when the disciples knelt at Jesus' feet, embraced his knees, looked into his face, they were beholding and touching a personality who had become absolutely like the Eternal Father.
We bear witness that the touch of Christ, as he is presently glorified, is the touch of the highest nature of God. When he entered the presence of God, the Father, he was transformed into the express image of his person. He became not only the revelation of the Father but also the revelation of redeemed man. . . .
With Job of old and with the apostles I humbly bear witness that I know that my Redeemer lives, and that he shall stand at the last day upon the earth.
Also in 1967, President Brown spoke to a gathering of newly called “Regional Representatives of the Twelve” (an obsolete calling since replaced by Area Presidencies). Elder Rex C. Reeve, one of those present to receive the counsel and direction given by various members of the First Presidency and the Twelve, made excellent notes of what President Brown taught. What he said to those gathered then echoed similar teachings he had given on other occasions—that they could call on God the Father through earnest prayer and would receive some kind of answer:
Today was the first day of the intensive Seminar for the Regional Representatives of the Twelve and the General Authorities of the Church.
This was a never-to-be-forgotten day; the spirit was so powerful and the fellowship of these choice brethren so good. . . .
Pres. Hugh B. Brown [taught]:
“O God, if thy presence go not with me, carry me not up hence, O Lord”; we need to keep in mind the indispensability of the constant association and direction of the Holy Spirit. . . . All who are here this morning have been assigned to responsibilities, sacred responsibilities, heavy enough to cause any of us to quake, and yet if His presence [Spirit] is with us we shall not need to fear. But we may not suppose that His presence [Spirit] will be constantly with us unless we constantly seek it. Speak His name. Call for His help.
If you will call out, “Father, are you there”; if you will make that call, I promise you that He will reply. You may not hear the voice, but you will have the assurance of His presence and you will know that He is there, standing by to help you. And whatever may happen—you will be disappointed; you will be heartbroken at times; you will not get the things that you think you ought to have at times—in any circumstances know and believe you are there, if you are conscious of His presence you will not be permitted to do any great evil. “Father, are you there?” I bear witness that He will respond.
Experiences have come [to me] that are heartbreaking; others have come that are exhilarating and uplifting and glorifying. Always I have felt if I could keep close to Him that there was nothing that He and I could not handle. With that presence we have been able to control our own natures, refrain from criticism of our brethren, been able to refrain from sin to which we are often subjected. . . .
If we could surround ourselves with the Spirit that envelopes us this morning; if in all the activities of life we could be in touch with Him and know that He is in touch with us, and know that we can rely upon Him; then we will constantly be aware and reminded again and again for the need of His help and our dependence upon Him, that we would be strengthened and fortified and made equal to any task by the simple knowledge that we are in His service, that He is sustaining us and if we keep ourselves clean, we will be equal to anything asked of us. That we may rededicate ourselves and all we have to His Kingdom, ready to go when and where called with His Spirit to accompany us then our missions will be successful. God bless you and peace be with you, and may we be as one as we undertake the stupendous task of preparing for the Savior of the World.
He is coming again. He will appear and those who are worthy will see Him and be caught up to meet Him. And remember always the Adversary is not dead; neither does he sleep and he will be ready to attack us any time and we must not let down our guard or yield to the temptations to which you are subjected in this life.
[Elder Reeve:] This was a great spiritual experience to meet in the upper room of the Lord’s House and be enveloped by His Holy Spirit, beyond anything I had known before.
Such counsel indicates that President Brown’s special witness had gradually strengthened as the years of his ministry passed. He testified with absolute sureness; his special witness was unimpeachable: “God has been so good to me as to make known to me, in ways [so sacred] that I cannot explain, that Jesus of Nazareth is the Son of God. I know that he is the Redeemer of this world. I have been close enough to him to get from him a convincing testimony of that fact, which has been sealed upon my soul. I leave you this testimony, and I say, as Peter of old said in answer to the question, ‘Whom say ye that I am?’ [I say with Peter,] ‘Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.’ (See Matt. 16:15-16.) I know it. I know it better than I know anything else, and for that knowledge I am grateful to him.”
Return to the Quorum of the Twelve
President Brown had mixed feelings about no longer being in the First Presidency when Joseph Fielding Smith did not select him as a counselor. On one hand he wrote in his diary that he felt thankful to be relieved of some of the “onerous” responsibilities that he had shouldered for so many years, plus his health was in decline and kept him from functioning adequately under the intense burdens of high office. However, he also loved being in the center of things and associating with his Quorum. As the months passed, and his health worsened, he found himself with little to do and little contact with the general authorities. While much less stressful, his last few years also proved to be somewhat depressing and miserable for him. Yet there were sublime and glorious compensations, for the Lord did not forsake His special witness.
There are two known narratives of President Hugh B. Brown being visited by Jesus. They are probably largely accurate, though they may or may not refer to the same visitation. One includes some odd wording that may be in error.
One account was written by Elder Brown’s nephew, President N. Elden Tanner, in his diary, but no date is given other than it occurred after President Brown had been back in the Quorum of the Twelve for some time. President Tanner recorded: “He said it was not a vision, but the Lord appeared to him, very informal, the same as I was sitting talking to him. The Lord said, ‘You have had some difficult times in your life.’ Uncle Hugh responded, ‘Yes, and your life was more difficult than any of us have had.’ In the conversation Uncle Hugh asked when he would be finished here, and the Lord said, ‘I don’t know and I wouldn’t tell you if I did.’ Then He said, ‘Remain faithful to the end, and everything will be all right.’” Obviously Elder Brown was worthy of such a visitation. But for the resurrected Lord Jesus Christ to say, “I don’t know” is contrary to all the revelations which teach that God “knoweth all things, and there is not anything save he knows it” (2 Nephi 9:20; see also Alma 26:35; Moroni 7:22; D&C 38:2; 88:6, 41). So we cannot be sure this visitation account has been accurately preserved.
The second (shorter) account, also undated, found in President Brown’s memoirs, relates that, “One night he dreamed he was in the Savior’s presence. No words were exchanged. He said none were necessary. ‘His love enriched me, and I felt his understanding acceptance of me despite all my imperfect ways.’” Since there was conversation in one narrative but not in the other, it is probable that they relate two separate appearances to this humble, faithful apostle.
These same memoirs inform us that on occasion, Brother Brown experienced sacred dreams in which he was visited (from the Spirit World) by the spirits of old friends from his past: Stayner Richards, Marvin O. Ashton, and Harold B. Lee. While we are aware of no further record of the first two names, we do have more about Brother Lee. Dr. Russell M. Nelson, before he became an apostle and then President of the Church, related his witness of what Elder Brown said to him in his autobiography:
When President Kimball extended an invitation to President Brown to attend the dedication, he indicated that due to his advanced age and feeble condition, he felt he could go only if a doctor went along. Fortunately, I got that assignment, . . . My responsibility was to be available for whatever President Brown might need. I checked him each night and morning. . . .
On the morning of the temple dedication, President Brown greeted me with the news that he had been visited during the night by President Harold B. Lee (President Lee had died the year before). He described it as a glorious visit, one that meant much to him, . . .
Later that morning, as we took President Brown to breakfast, Sister Harold B. (Freda Joan) Lee approached us. As we exchanged greetings, President Brown said to her, “I had a glorious visit with Harold last night. He is just fine. It was so good to visit with him.”
This was such a moving experience for us all. We felt the presence of President Lee’s spirit in the temple through the witness of President Brown.
The Washington D.C. Temple dedication occurred in November 1974 and Elder Brown viewed it as the culmination of his mortal ministry. In his remarks on that occasion, he again avowed his special witness: “My brethren and sisters, with all the earnestness and solemnity of my soul I say to you that Jesus of Nazareth is the Son of the Living God, our Redeemer, who won and made the atonement for us. . . . I am glad to make this declaration to you this day because in the ordinary course of events it will not be my privilege very long to declare these things on this earth. . . . When Peter replied, ‘Thou are the Christ . . . ,’ the Savior said: ‘Blessed art thou, for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.’ From the same source and with the same authority that he spoke, I declare unto you that I know that He is the Christ. . . . I am very grateful that in the course of human events I have been led into circumstances and conditions where I have had to defend the truth even without wanting to save my own life. And now, rather than deny it, I would ask Him to take my life. . . .’” (Elder Brown lived little more than a year after uttering those words.)
Though his opportunities to declare his special witness diminished as he grew older and more incapacitated, he still found occasion to bear testimony and did: “I want to tell you, my brethren and sisters, as is my calling as a witness of Christ, that I too know, and I know it from the same source that Peter knew it, for flesh and blood have not revealed that knowledge unto me, but our Father which is in heaven. And from the bottom of my heart I say to him and to you, . . . , ‘Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God,’ and I know it as I know that I live.”
Elder Hugh B. Brown died on December 2, 1975, at age ninety-two after an extended illness.
 Conference Report, April 1955, 83.
 “Will You Be Our Pastor?” Ensign, April 1974.
 The preceding summarized biographical information is taken from, “Elder Hugh B. Brown, 1883–1975,” Ensign, January 1976.
 “In Memoriam: Elder Hugh B. Brown, 1883–1975,” Ensign, January 1976; this account is also included in Eugene E. Campbell & Richard D. Poll, Hugh B. Brown: His Life and Thought (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1975), 218-19 and also, “Father, Are You There?” BYU Speeches, October 8, 1967.
 Conference Report, April 1958, 111.
 Campbell & Poll, Hugh B. Brown, 233-34.
 Conference Report, April 1958, 130.
 Campbell & Poll, Hugh B. Brown, 232.
 Conference Report, October 1958, 64.
 Hugh B. Brown, “Father, Are You There?” BYU Speeches, October 8, 1967.
 Conference Report, October 1961, 98.
 Marion G. Romney diary, June 22, 1961.
 William Grant Bangerter, These Things I Know: The Autobiography of William Grant Bangerter, comp. Cory Wm. Bangerter (Printed by BYU Print Services: Voices and Images, 2013), 212-13.
 Conference Report, October 1963, 88. The first bracketed sentence is in the audio version of the talk, but for some unaccountable reason was removed from the printed conference report. Further, I inserted the single bracketed word in order to clarify Pres. Brown’s meaning; of course he had had personal revelations; many of them. That is how he obtained his testimony—that of a special witness—by receiving much revelation from the Holy Ghost. In this instance he means dramatic revelations of an unusual kind, or for the guidance of the Church, or perhaps written revelations. Over and over he declared he had received revelation from God on the fundamentals of the Church and gospel and to strengthen and amplify his special witness.
 Conference Report, April 1967, 53.
 Rex C. Reeve diary, September 27, 1967.
 Conference Report, April 1969, 114.
 G. Homer Durham, N. Eldon Tanner: His Life and Service (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1982), 255-56.
 Russell M. Nelson, From Heart to Heart (Salt Lake City: Privately Printed by Quality Press, 1979), 188.
 Campbell & Poll, Hugh B. Brown, 320.
 “This Same Jesus,” Ensign, December 1971.